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Cluster 4: Making Sense of Multiplication and Division

This cluster represents the major work of third grade focused on multiplication and division. The work in this cluster expands previous work with multiplication to include division and the representation of division with symbolic notation. Learning in this cluster also prepares students for the work of Cluster 6 focused on applying multiplication to area. Multiple clusters of work around multiplication (Clusters 1, 2, 4, and 6) allow students to gain conceptual understanding and build towards procedural fluency over the course of the year, giving them time to deeply learn the content. (See About this Cluster and the Unpacking Document below for more details on this cluster.)